Egg freezing or egg vitrification is also called mature oocyte cryopreservation which is a procedure to preserve the reproductive potential in women. From your ovaries, your eggs are being harvested, frozen when unfertilized and then preserved for imminent use. A frozen egg is prone to be thawed, joined with sperm in a laboratory and dispersed into your uterus by the means of a method known as in-vitro fertilization. Your doctor will guide you on the working of the egg freezing process, and whether you qualify for this method on the basis of your personal and reproductive history.
Why is this method preferred?
You might opt for this method because:
- You are about to head for a cancer treatment or another ailment that might impact your fertility potential. Radiation and chemotherapy are prone to affect your fertility. Egg freezing seems like a viable option in such case.
- You are about to undergo in-vitro fertilization treatment. In this process, the eggs of a woman are solicited, along with the sperm from the male counterpart or a donor. Then the eggs and the sperm are put in a culture dish in a lab letting the egg to be fertilized. If fertilization happens, and an embryo comes into being, it is then placed in the woman’s womb with the help of a process known as an embryo transfer. In some cases, the embryo may come into being, but they can be frozen for later uses in the transfer procedures.
- Emotional risks are also involved in such cases. The process of egg freezing is bound to provide false hopes sometimes. You can decide to freeze your eggs to conceive a baby in the future, but still no doctor can guarantee success. Hence, we advise you to proceed with caution at your own risk.
How to Prepare Yourself?
Before proceeding, the doctor might have some screening blood tests which includes:
- Ovarian reserve testing: Your follicle-inducing hormone or FSH and estradiol in your blood on the day three of your periods will be tested in order to determine the quality and quantity of your eggs. Results will further decide how your ovaries will respond to fertility medicines.
- Infectious disease screening: You will be also screened for particular infectious diseases like HIV. The eggs which can be potentially infected tend to be stored separately and differently than other normal and healthy eggs.